A recent study says that many young people with migraine have vitamin deficiencies, but researchers are not certain whether vitamin supplementation would help prevent migraine attacks. The study was conducted by Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center.

The study found a high percentage of children, teens, and young adults with migraine have mild deficiencies in vitamin D, riboflavin, and coenzyme Q10.

Patients were drawn from a database that included those with migraine who, according to Cincinnati Children’s Headache Center practice, had baseline blood levels checked for vitamin D, riboflavin, coenzyme Q10, and folate. All of these vitamins have been implicated in migraine, to some degree, by previous and sometimes conflicting reports.

Many patients in the study were put on preventive migraine medications and received vitamin supplementation, if levels were low. Because few received vitamins alone, researchers are unable to determine the effectiveness of vitamin in preventing migraine.

In a statement released by Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center, Suzanne Hagler, MD, a Headache Medicine fellow in the division of Neurology at Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center and lead author of the study said: “Further studies are needed to elucidate whether vitamin supplementation is effective in migraine patients in general, and whether patients with mild deficiency are more likely to benefit from supplementation.”

Dr. Hagler presented her findings in June at the 58th Annual Scientific Meeting of the American Headache Society in San Diego.

She found that girls and young women were more likely than boys and young men to have coenzyme Q10 deficiencies at baseline. Boys and young men were more likely to have vitamin D deficiencies.

Previous studies about vitamin deficiencies in migraine have indicated that certain vitamins and vitamin deficiencies may be important in the migraine process. Studies using vitamins to prevent migraine, however, have had conflicting results.