Migraine is a debilitating disease that impacts almost 40 million people in the United States. While unfortunate, those who experience regular occurrences of migraine have a higher risk of developing other health issues, such as anxiety, depression and insomnia, to name a few. Additionally, men with migraine are more likely to have cardiovascular complications, according to Harvard Medical School.

The Difference Between Men and Women

While the physical symptoms of migraine are generally the same between men and women, they often have different experiences. While women are far more likely to experience migraine resulting from hormone level changes, men are more likely to experience it from other physical and lifestyle triggers. Men are also far less likely to report their migraine condition and seek treatment.

Migraine Triggers in Men

Everyone experiences their own migraine triggers, but a primary cause of migraine in men is physical exertion. This can range from walking up the stairs to intense exercise. Research also shows a link between migraine and an increased risk of heart disease in men. In this case, migraine can be caused by hypersensitive blood vessels that regularly contract and dilate. As this can be due to the seriousness of this problem, men living with migraine disease should have regular heart screenings as a precaution. Other possible causes of migraine or headache include stress, lack of sleep, dehydration, not eating enough or low blood sugar, and certain foods or drinks.

How to Get a Grip on Your Migraine

Several common treatment methods for migraine are staying hydrated, maintaining a healthy diet, and regular exercise. If excessive exercise is a trigger, be mindful of your level of exertion. It is also important to be aware of personal migraine triggers. Being able to identify and avoid these triggers can provide significant relief.

Though men are less likely to report their migraine, they still experience debilitating pain. Great self care and seeking help is key in preventing and putting an end to the pain. Anyone experiencing migraine is urged to consult a healthcare professional for a correct diagnosis and appropriate treatment options.